Deconcentration and Decentralization Reforms in Cambodia: by Tariq H. Niazi

By Tariq H. Niazi

This examine analyzes strategic and programming concerns bobbing up from the rising deconcentration and decentralization reforms in Cambodia and informs the talk at the speed and strategic path of those reforms. The research appears on the evolving felony and regulatory framework pointing to the gaps and inconsistencies that have to be addressed for a coherent framework through the years. The research elaborates at the huge solid of complicated, and infrequently competing, associations and the demanding situations of constructing an equitable and obvious intergovernmental financing method. comparing the strengths and weaknesses of the government's 10-year nationwide application, the examine indicates a few serious steps for profitable implementation of the reforms, together with the necessity to enhance a transparent reform coverage framework, receive higher coordination between executive companies and among the govt and improvement companions, make clear uncertainties within the task of features among levels of presidency, layout a strong method on intergovernmental financing, and improve capacities to enforce the reforms. The examine additionally indicates a few very important concerns for ADB programming, together with how you can top help the deconcentration and decentralization reforms on the relevant, subnational, and quarter degrees.

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The government fully owns the National Program through NCDD structures. • The NCDD defines needs for development partner support and may reject support inconsistent with the National Program. • The NCDD in Ministry of Interior (MOI) commits to improve its own and subnational administration PFM systems in line with the PFMRP stage 2, and to provide staff training. 1 continued • The government commits to (i) designing a new incentive payment scheme eventually with the interim priority operating costs operational by July 2010, (ii) ensuring adequate operating and maintenance funding of subnational administrations through intergovernmental transfers, (iii) increasing cofinancing by platform 3, and (iv) meeting 80% of running costs of the NCDD by the end of platform 3.

1 Introduction The perception that there are major deficiencies in design and implementation with resultant inefficiencies and inequities in financial arrangements is widely held. Indeed, intergovernmental financing is limited. While the new Organic Law should lead to some changes, it is worthwhile to review current policies so that important lessons for the future can be learnt. This chapter reviews recent and ongoing arrangements for communes/sangkats, provinces and municipalities, and deconcentrated expenditures of central government ministries.

The MOI also chairs the NCDD and some important subcommittees of the NCDD, and provides the bulk of staff of the NCDD Secretariat. These related roles and responsibilities have important political as well as administrative connotations. Until recently, significant development partner support has been channeled through the MOI and not the NCDD, though recent versions of the draft National Program indicate a review will be undertaken to possibly transfer such support to the program unit of the NCDD.

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