By Charlotte Hempel
The Damascus rfile is without doubt one of the most vital texts from the Qumran caves. half certainly one of this significant other bargains a lucid and up to date creation to the entire manuscripts, together with the 8 lately released from Qumran Cave four. It additionally presents a evaluate of the foremost components of scholarly study in this vital Qumran textual content. half is dedicated to the lately released textual content 4QMiscellaneous ideas (4Q265; olim Serekh Damascus). this article has already develop into the topic of severe curiosity between scholars of the lifeless Sea Scrolls due to its designated courting to either the group Rule and the Damascus Document.
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Extra resources for The Damascus texts
Place of Origin The interpretation of the Damascus Document has been at the centre of scholarly debates on the place of origin of the Essenes and the Qumran community. In essence, scholars fall into two main camps arguing either for Palestinian or Babylonian origins. The former opinion manifests itself in a variety of forms. 1. 1. The Hasidim In a number of very influential studies a series of scholars have argued that the origins of the Essenes are to be found in the ranks of a group of pious reformers known from the Books of Maccabees as the hasidim or pious ones (Cross 1995; Hengel 1981; Milik 1959; Stegemann 1971; Vermes 1994).
A number of scholars have offered theories to account for the differences between both manuscripts, and we will deal with this debate in Chapter 7 below. la) Apostate members are threatened with exclusion from the community in the period from the death of the teacher until the coming of the Messiah of Aaron and Israel. Manuscript A breaks off soon after the beginning of this passage, and we depend on manuscript B for the remainder of the Admonition as preserved in the Cairo text. 1b-8a refers to a temporary expulsion of disobedient members.
Boyce distinguishes three strands of material in the Admonition which he labels poetical, redactional, and midrashic. He dates the poetry to the lifetime of the Teacher (140-110 BCE), the redactional material somewhat later (8870 BCE), and the midrashic sections soon thereafter, since the earliest 4. The Composite Character of the Damascus Document 49 manuscript from Cave 4 containing these sections goes back to the second half of the first century. Boyce's results may be summed up as follows: 1.