By Brian Forst
This quantity provides 19 unique essays addressing what's largely considered as the main significant issue confronting the United States this day and for years yet to come - terrorism - from the original standpoint of criminology. The chapters amassed right here handle such concerns because the prevention of terrorism, the applicability of neighborhood policing and regimen actions versions of crime to the matter of terrorism, the way to stability liberty and safety, and the way to contemplate and deal with the terror of terrorism, in addition to the coordination of federal and native efforts to avoid and counter terrorism. Criminologists on Terrorism and place of origin safety could be of curiosity to an individual considering violence prevention regularly and terrorism particularly, policing, prosecution, adjudication, sentencing, and restorative justice.
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Additional resources for Criminologists on Terrorism and Homeland Security
From this perspective, members of the criminological community might be satisfied to stop the definitional exegesis and say that because terrorism is a form of crime, it is, by definition, something that fits squarely within the purview of the discipline of criminology. It can thus simply be studied with an eye toward understanding the forces that give rise to terrorist attacks. Although embracing terrorism as a dependent variable worthy of criminological attention is a sound idea, stopping there would be a mistake for two related reasons.
The existence of these laws does not mean that terrorist acts are just crimes, however. For as the next section shows, there are strong reasons also to view the mass-casualty attacks that are the focus of this chapter as acts of war. TERRORISM AS WAR The same modern mind-set that makes it easy for those in the West to understand acts of terrorism as crimes can be a roadblock to understanding terrorism as a form of warfare. Traditional Western conceptions of warfare are rooted in the modern notion of national militaries doing battle with one another as an application of foreign policy.
Thus, the concept of crime presupposes the existence of an organized state in which laws have been enacted and some apparatus for enforcement has been instituted. ” Because acts of terrorism by definition involve violence (though not always directed against people; see later), and because the violence involved often (but not always; again, see discussion later) violates legal statutes, the overlap between crime and terrorism is evident. Where violent crimes are acts of aggression by individuals that organized states forbid via their legal code and respond to with their criminal justice systems, war is violence in which the state itself is a belligerent, either as an aggressor or as the object of attack by some other party.