Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt by Febe Armanios

By Febe Armanios

During this e-book, Febe Armanios explores Coptic spiritual lifestyles in Ottoman Egypt (1517-1798), focusing heavily on manuscripts housed in Coptic information. Ottoman Copts often grew to become to spiritual discourses, practices, and rituals as they handled a number of ameliorations within the first centuries of Ottoman rule. those integrated the institution of a brand new political regime, adjustments inside of communal management constructions (favoring lay leaders over clergy), the commercial ascent of the archons (lay elites), and advancements within the Copts' dating with different spiritual groups, really with Catholics.
Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt highlights how Copts, as a minority residing in a dominant Islamic tradition, pointed out and exceptional themselves from different teams by way of turning to a powerful array of non secular traditions, reminiscent of the visitation of saints' shrines, the relocation of significant gala's to distant locations, the advance of latest pilgrimage practices, in addition to the writing of sermons that articulated a Coptic spiritual ethos in response to Catholic missionary discourses. inside of this dialogue of non secular existence, the Copts' courting to neighborhood political rulers, army elites, the Muslim spiritual institution, and to different non-Muslim groups also are elucidated. In all, the booklet goals to record the Coptic event in the Ottoman Egyptian context whereas concentrating on new documentary assets and on an old period that has been lengthy overlooked.

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Coptic Christianity in Ottoman Egypt

During this publication, Febe Armanios explores Coptic non secular lifestyles in Ottoman Egypt (1517-1798), focusing heavily on manuscripts housed in Coptic records. Ottoman Copts often became to spiritual discourses, practices, and rituals as they handled a number of ameliorations within the first centuries of Ottoman rule.

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The right to collect taxes was coveted by various local constituencies. 103 Coptic archons who acquired prominent posts in these households were likely educated, for the most part, within their own communal schools. 104 While students would have acquired basic skills, their education was later supplemented by direct mentoring and training into specific professions. Gradually, the most talented found their way into Egypt’s administrative and fiscal bureaucracy. 105 Thus, the ability to collect taxes in Ottoman Egypt depended, to a great extent, on the expertise of educated and well-trained bureaucrats, who served as financial agents or assistants (mubāshirs), accountants (muh·āsibs), and scribes (kātibs)—all key posts in the tax-collection structure.

One day in the presence of the Bishop of Jerusalem and the principal Coptic clergymen, the Patriarch deliberated in Cairo to force Murqus out, to have him taken by force and delivered into the hands of the provincial governor. I found myself by chance in that meeting, and as I tried to intervene in these violent proceedings by kindly siding with the capable Abbot, the Patriarch suddenly turned to me, saying: “Do you know this Murqus? He is not Christian,” he added, “let alone a monk and priest.

In that regard, archons appeared to be incorruptible confidants to Egypt’s local elites. 32 coptic christianity in ottoman egypt The “Common Folk” It is difficult to fully capture the lives of ordinary Copts in Ottoman Egypt, those who constituted the majority but were not included among the clergy or the lay elites. Where did they live? How did they carry out their day-to-day tasks? What occupations were they engaged in? Copts lived in small pockets among Egypt’s Muslims, populating urban and rural areas alike.

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