Context and the Attitudes: Meaning in Context, Volume 1 by Mark Richard

By Mark Richard

Context and the Attitudes collects 13 seminal essays via Mark Richard on semantics and propositional attitudes. those essays increase a nuanced account of the semantics and pragmatics of our discuss such attitudes, an account on which in announcing what an individual thinks, we provide our phrases as a 'translation' or illustration of ways the objective of our speak represents the area. A wide variety of issues in philosophical semantics and the philosophy of brain are mentioned intimately, together with: contextual sensitivity; pretense and semantics; destructive existentials; fictional discourse; the character of quantification; the position of Fregean feel in semantics; 'direct reference' semantics; de re trust and the contingent a priori; trust de se; intensional transitives; the cognitive position of demanding; and the clients for giving a semantics for the attitudes with no recourse to houses or attainable worlds. Richard's huge, newly written advent offers an outline of the essays. The advent additionally discusses attitudes discovered through inclinations and different non-linguistic cognitive constructions, in addition to the controversy among those that imagine that psychological and linguistic content material is established just like the sentences that categorical it, and those that see content material as primarily unstructured.

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Context and the Attitudes: Meaning in Context, Volume 1

Context and the Attitudes collects 13 seminal essays via Mark Richard on semantics and propositional attitudes. those essays strengthen a nuanced account of the semantics and pragmatics of our speak about such attitudes, an account on which in announcing what a person thinks, we provide our phrases as a 'translation' or illustration of how the objective of our speak represents the realm.

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Extra resources for Context and the Attitudes: Meaning in Context, Volume 1

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Is ∃x 2 ( x 2 = I ∧ x 2B r (x 2B s xˆ1( Fx1 ))). It follows fairly directly from the above definitions that whenever a de se ascription, taken relative to c and f, is true at w, then so is its corresponding de re ascription. Of course, the converse does not hold. For example, if V(c' ) consists solely of the meaning of “Ft5”, “t5” denotes c'A relative to c', then ∃x1( x1 = I ∧ x1B r ( Fx1 )) will be true, relative to c' and an assignment f, at cw, but IB s x (Fx ) will not. There is a sense in which the semantics allows us to dispense with “Br” and make do with only “Bs” as a belief predicate.

V’s assignments to predicate letters are, intuitively, predicate-meanings (taken to be functions from contexts to properties). V’s assignments to contexts are to be understood as representing the class of meanings under which the agent of the context holds beliefs; in the terminology of Section I, V(c) is the set of meanings which cA accepts. Note that, for each context c, V(c) determines a set of propositions, a proposition p being in the set so determined by V(c) exactly if, for some m in V(c),m, completely interpreted relative to c, yields p.

3. V is a function which assigns n (a) a member of ((P (W))U )C to each member of Fn, for each n; (b) sets of meanings to each member of C, where a meaning is a pair 〈〈s1,…, sn〉, M n〉 (n ≥0), each si∈ UC and M n a member of ((P (W))U n)C A word on the workings of V is perhaps in order here. V’s assignments to predicate letters are, intuitively, predicate-meanings (taken to be functions from contexts to properties). V’s assignments to contexts are to be understood as representing the class of meanings under which the agent of the context holds beliefs; in the terminology of Section I, V(c) is the set of meanings which cA accepts.

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