Contemporary Corpus Linguistics by Paul Baker

By Paul Baker

Corpus linguistics makes use of huge digital databases of language to ascertain hypotheses approximately language use. those may be established scientifically with computerised analytical instruments, with out the researcher's preconceptions influencing their conclusions. hence, corpus linguistics is a well-liked and increasing zone of research. modern Corpus Linguistics offers a finished survey of the ways that corpus linguistics is getting used by way of researchers. Written by means of across the world popular linguists, this quantity of seventeen introductory chapters goals to supply a image of the sector of corpus linguistics. The participants current obtainable, but precise, analyses of contemporary tools and thought in Corpus Linguistics, methods of analysing corpora, and up to date purposes in translation, stylistics, discourse research and language educating. The publication represents the easiest of present perform in Corpus Linguistics, and as a one quantity reference might be priceless to scholars and researchers searching for an summary of the field.

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G. Lakoff and Johnson 1980). Lakoff (2003) examined the linguistic metaphors found in short texts (such as presidential speeches) and claimed that metaphor has consistently been used to present a biased view of world events and governments’ responses to them, most notably the United States’ and allies’ roles in the Gulf Wars of 1991 and 2003. A number of corpus researchers have investigated the ideological use of metaphor, including Koller (2002, 2004) who built a corpus from business newspapers and magazines, of around 165,000 words.

While corpus linguistic techniques are thus only just taking root in CDA’s methodological canon, there have, since around 2000, been a fair number of individual publications going down this road. Fairclough’s (2000) study of New Labour’s discourse ought to be mentioned; Piper’s (2000a, 2000b) work on the discourse of lifelong learning, and Orpin’s (2005) analysis of the lexis of corruption (revolving around words like sleaze and bribery). There have been corpusbased contributions to the discourse of ageing (Mautner 2007), courtroom discourse (Cotterill 2001), political discourse (Baker and McEnery 2005) and risk communication (Hamilton, Adolphs and Nerlich 2007), as well as inquiries into business English (Nelson 2005; Alexander 2007), newspaper discourse (Mautner 2008) and several corpus-informed approaches to metaphor analysis (Koller 2004; O’Halloran 2007a; Deignan, this volume).

8 instances per one million words, more than double the frequency in The Times. Both papers would generally be regarded as (small-c) conservative, but differ significantly in terms of their editorial style and core readership, with The Sun being at the populist end of the spectrum and appealing largely to a working-class audience; 62 per cent of its readers belong to the C2, D and E social grades. 7 Also, from the Wordbanks concordance output, law-abiding emerges as a richly connotated expression which conveys so much more than simply describing someone who ‘abides by the law’.

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