By Robert F. Barsky
This booklet is an outline of the method of creating a productive Other for the aim of being admitted to Canada as a practice refugee. the complete claiming strategy is analyzed with admire to 2 genuine circumstances, and contextualized via connection with pertinent nationwide and foreign jurisprudence. considering the fact that criminal research is deemed inadequate for an entire figuring out of the argumentative and discursive options inquisitive about the claiming and “authoring” approaches, the writer makes consistent connection with methodologies from the area of literary experiences, discourse research and interplay thought, with specified emphasis upon the works of Marc Angenot, M.M. Bakhtin, Pierre Bourdieu, Erving Goffman, Jürgen Habermas and Teun van Dijk. In so doing, he illustrates a reductive circulate that unavoidably happens in felony argumentation which leads to the displacement the topic from the area of “refugee claimant” to that of claimant as “diminished Other.”
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Additional info for Constructing a Productive Other: Discourse Theory and the Convention Refugee Hearing
601-2) Any number of these backlogged claimants may find themselves returned to their country of origin to (further) suffer human rights abuses; and all of these persons who are without status are in an unacceptable state of limbo which threatens their personal livelihood as well as the entire system of refugee claims. The issue, it seems to me, is not simply one of freedom from (oppres sion, torture, persecution) but freedom to (choose, develop, create). This is a critical, yet seldom mentioned factor that bears upon the entire issue of host country treatment of out-groups, for it's pretty well known that a stimulating, complex, supportive, nurturing environ ment in fact enables people to flourish.
N. Convention]... et 1967 (protocole de Ballaggio supprimant les limites dans le temps et dans l'espace stipulées par la convention de Genève), on assiste à un glissement vers une notion plus large. Dans les années 1960, de nouveaux États du tiers monde sont entrés à l'ONU, conduisant à un élargissement de la prise en charge par le commissariat des Nations unies à des non-Européens. De plus, on assiste à une production de réfugiés dans le tiers monde qui ne correspond plus au modèle classique: réfugiés liés à la constitution de nouveaux États ou à des révolutions, impliqués dans un combat, réfugiés souvent combattants et agissants.
What is notable about the significant rise in legislation at the outset of the Twentieth-Century is that it points to a new-found interest in, and legitima tion of, state control over migration, immigration, and refugees; Wihtol de Wenden writes: "Le début du XXe siècle sera donc marqué par des échanges de populations dans un contexte nouveau, celui du contrôle progressif de l'immigration. Le réfugié devient alors celui qu'on laisse passer quand on ne fait entrer personne d'autre" (75). There were other urgent calls following the First World War for a broadening of the definition of the term refugee, calls which were "prompted by a desire expressed by a sizeable portion of the international community following World War I and the establishment of the League of Nations, to offer minimal legal protection to thousands of Europeans not then residing in their states of origin" (Dirks 3).