Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, by James Ciment

By James Ciment

No period in American background has been extra interesting to american citizens, or extra serious to the final word future of the us, than the colonial period. among the time that the 1st ecu settlers proven a colony at Jamestown in 1607 throughout the signing of the statement of Independence, the outlines of America's specific political tradition, economic climate, social existence, and cultural styles had all started to emerge. Designed to enrich the highschool American heritage curriculum in addition to undergraduate survey classes, "Colonial the USA: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and monetary background" captures all of it: the folks, associations, principles, and occasions of the 1st 300 years of yank historical past. whereas it specializes in the 13 British colonies stretching alongside the Atlantic, Colonial the United States units this background in its higher contexts. Entries additionally disguise Canada, the yank Southwest and Mexico, and the Caribbean and Atlantic international at once impacting the background of the 13 colonies. This encyclopedia explores the entire early background of what may turn into the USA, together with photos of local American lifestyles within the quick pre-contact interval, early Spanish exploration, and the 1st settlements by means of Spanish, French, Dutch, Swedish, and English colonists. This huge five-volume set brings America's colonial background vibrantly to lifestyles for latest readers. It contains: thematic essays on significant concerns and themes; precise A-Z entries on 1000's of individuals, associations, occasions, and ideas; thematic and neighborhood chronologies; countless numbers of illustrations; basic files; and a word list and a number of indexes.

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Extra info for Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History

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Unite or Die”: Intercolonial Relations 1690–1763. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat, 1971. Alcohol Alcohol was a vital part of colonial life from the earliest establishment of the Dutch and English colonies. One observer to the region commented, “They all drink here, from the moment they are able to lick a spoon,” and the remark was apt. In the seventeenth century especially, alcohol was considered safer than water, and it was often thought to aid in digestion, ward off fever and chills, and mend broken bones.

Many slaves were freed to fight in the war. Of these, the vast majority fought for the British and were largely removed to Canada after Britain's defeat in 1781. Those freed because of their service in the patriot army were soon joined by thousands of others freed by emancipation laws in the North or by acts of manumission in the South, many by planters influenced by the egalitarian rhetoric of the revolution. As the free black community grew, it began to develop institutions of its own, most notably churches, particularly in urban areas where a critical demographic mass developed.

Stated simply, most settlers drank often and abundantly. Alcohol consumption was a normal part of personal and communal habits, and in colonial homes beer and cider were the usual beverages at mealtime, including for children. Communal projects such as clearing the fields or raising buildings were usually accompanied by a public cask to fortify the laboring citizens, and farmers usually took a generous ration into the fields. Though this policy may seem foolhardy by modern standards, the rationale in colonial times was that the backbreaking labor required in these pursuits was somewhat allayed by the effects of alcohol.

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