By Anthony McFarlane
This publication describes and analyzes financial and political advancements in Colombia throughout the ultimate century of Spanish rule. Its goal is threefold: first, to supply a normal portrait of Colombian society in the course of the overdue colonial interval, displaying the nature of monetary, social, and political lifestyles within the territory's crucial areas; moment, to evaluate the effect at the quarter of ecu imperialist growth through the eighteenth century; and 3rd, to supply a context for knowing the factors of independence. The ebook deals the one to be had survey of Colombian background and historiography for this era.
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Extra resources for Colombia before Independence: Economy, Society, and Politics under Bourbon Rule
AGI Santa Fe 357, "Memorial de Carlos de Alcedo y Sotomayor al Consejo de Indias" (San Lorenzo, October 31, 1699). Also see Matta Rodriguez, El Asa/to de Pointis, pp. 135-49. 47. AGI Santa Fe 357, "Lo que resulta de las consultas hechas al Consejo por D. " 26 Foundations evidence gathered in subsequent inquiries indicates that the city's governor had been much more concerned with lining his own pockets than with defending the city. 48 Such corruption in one of New Granada's most important cities suggests that the malfeasance of royal funds was commonplace at the highest levels of provincial government.
1. Population distribution in New Granada, 1778-80. ) 34 Economy and society Cordillera, Antioquia had little more than 46,000 inhabitants (about 6% of the population), who were living from gold mining and agriculture in a region that was still scarcely colonized. Farther west and southwest, in the Pacific lowlands, were New Granada's other chief mining zones. Taken together, the gold fields of Barbacoas, Raposo, Iscuande, and the Choco had a population of close to 30,500 (4% of New Granada's total), of whom half were in the provinces of the Choco.
32 There were also signs that the colony was developing a rudimentary manufacturing sector. In the final decade of the sixteenth century, the president of the audiencia of Santa Fe called upon the corregidors in his jurisdiction to organize Indian labor in workshops for producing woollen cloth, coarse woollen skirts, blankets, and hats. 33 By 1610, there were eight such obrajes in the city of 29. For a full discussion of the decline of the encomienda, see Julian B. Ruiz, Encomienda y Mita en Nueva Granada en el siglo XVIII (Seville, 1975), pp.