Cognitive Space and Linguistic Case: Semantic and Syntactic by Izchak M. Schlesinger

By Izchak M. Schlesinger

This examine sheds new mild at the complicated courting among cognitive and linguistic different types. difficult the view of instances as different types in cognitive house, Schlesinger proposes a brand new figuring out of the concept that of case. Drawing on facts from psycholinguistic study and English language information, he argues that case different types are actually composed of extra primitive cognitive notions: positive aspects and dimensions. those are registered within the lexical entries of person verbs, thereby permitting definite metaphorical extensions. This new method of case allows greater descriptions of yes syntactic phenomena than has hitherto been attainable, as Schlesinger illustrates in the course of the research of the function compositions of 3 situations.

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Sample text

An additional notion given by five of the respondents for this sentence was Manner, but only one respondent gave this as the only meaning; the remaining four gave this as a subsidiary meaning to Instrument. Another subsidiary meaning of this sentence was Cause, given by four respondents (who apparently took the label Cause as applying to a wider concept). Sentence 3: The picture fell with a crash. The main meaning here was Manner, but three respondents gave Accompaniment as an additional meaning, and one gave Accompaniment as the only meaning.

Leslie and Keeble (1987) have recently shown that six-month-old infants already have the notion of cause, and have speculated that their understanding is based on a perceptual mechanism. The notion of control is, intuitively, more complex than those of cause and change, and it may be expected therefore that CONTROL begins to function as a feature in the child's language somewhat later than CAUSE and CHANGE; but there are no data bearing on this, to my knowledge. Presumably, the above three features are universal; the Agent and other case categories defined in terms of such features, by contrast, may be language dependent.

To do so, we deployed a property that is typical of the Agent, namely activity. 5. Instructions included the following text: 22 Cognitive space Some sentences describe situations in which there is much activity; for instance: The police hunted down the burglar. In others there is much less activity. " Two sets of sentences were employed. Set A included sentences with the verbs remember, guess, and know - cf. (6) - which refer to cognitive experiences. The sentences in Set B included also some verbs referring to mental experiences that are more emotionally colored.

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