Christianity under the Ancien Régime, 1648-1789 (New by W. R. Ward

By W. R. Ward

This ebook deals a short, yet accomplished, account of spiritual trust and adventure in Europe among the Westphalia settlements in 1648 and the French Revolution. The ebook is geared up round huge ecu areas corresponding to principal and Northwestern Europe (including Britain), Southern Europe and North and japanese Europe. inside each one bankruptcy Professor Ward discusses the church buildings of their political, social and highbrow context. With its maps, thesaurus and consultant to additional studying, this gives you to be a huge relief to scholars of Christianity below the ancien r?gime.

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But in 1701 there was a great revival of prophecy; hundreds of prophets were at work, many of them children with no recollection of normality in the Reformed world. When the dreadful revolt of the Camisards broke out in 1702 they were attached to the Protestant commandos who tied up 20,000 French troops for years, prophesied whether prisoners should be taken or killed, and committed acts of violence against persons and property. Although the revolt took place in the early stages of the War of the Spanish Succession its eVects were religious rather than military.

Hence Molinos was arrested by the Inquisition in 1685; two years later sixty-eight propositions from his 22 Church and state in central and north-western Europe works were condemned, and he was sentenced to perpetual imprisonment. Thus from the beginning Quietism raised the question not only of the way to God, but of who should set the tone of Catholic piety in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. In the France of Louis XIV the close relations between the King and his Jesuit confessors in matters of religious policy guaranteed that Quietism would raise questions of authority in the state as well as in the church, the more so as a hapless woman, Mme Guyon (1648–1717), showed some capacity to pull wires at court.

The bishop, who held four other sees by papal dispensation without ordination, acquired orders hastily in 1707 when the victories of the Duke of Marlborough were jeopardising his position; Jansenism in the Low Countries 33 conformity was required by both his foreign policy and his personal position. In the archdiocese of Malines, Humbert de Pre´cipiano (1689– 1711) ran a rather violent anti-Jansenist campaign, visiting convents, seizing books and generally trying to get rid of Jansenists. In the United Provinces, Archbishop Neercassel of Utrecht ( 1686), a rigorist theologian, had been a friend of Arnauld and an enemy of the Jesuits.

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