Christianity in the Second Century: The Case of Tatian by Emily J. Hunt

By Emily J. Hunt

Tatian is an important determine within the early Church, his paintings either representing and revealing his second-century context. This research deals a close exploration of his inspiration. it's also a precious creation to the whole interval, quite the foremost advancements it witnessed in Christianity.Emily Hunt examines quite a lot of issues extensive: Tatian's courting with Justin Martyr and his Oration to the Greeks; the Apologetic try and shield and outline Christianity opposed to the Graeco-Roman international and Christian use of hellenistic philosophy. Tatian used to be accused of heresy after his dying, and this paintings sees him on the middle of the orthodox/heterodox debate. His hyperlinks with the East, and his Gospel concord the Diatessaron, result in an exploration of Syriac Christianity and asceticism.In the method, scholarly assumptions approximately heresiology and the Apologists' dating with hellenistic philosophy are puzzled, and the advance of a Christian philosophical culture is traced from Philo, via Justin Martyr, to Tatian - after which inside of a number of key Syriac writers. this is often the 1st committed examine of Tatian for greater than 40 years.

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Extra resources for Christianity in the Second Century: The Case of Tatian (Routledge Early Church Monographs)

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As we have seen, in the exegesis that Clement presents, Tatian’s interpretation of Paul is very literal and he places further stress upon the value of continence. 151 It is therefore reasonably safe to assume that Valentinian exegesis of 1 Cor 7:5 would not have broken off at a mere moral teaching of sexual ethics. There is also evidence that Valentinian exegetes used the Pauline passage that Tatian may allude to when using clothing imagery. 153 It would therefore seem that, in using clothing 40 TATIAN AND VALENTINIANISM imagery, Tatian places an entirely different emphasis on the relationship of man with the body to that of the Valentinians; according to Tatian, immortality is worn in addition to the body.

Irenaeus begins by accusing Tatian of being influenced by Valentinianism, and is closely followed by Hippolytus, Eusebius and Epiphanius, who are clearly using Irenaeus’ material. The only church father to offer different information about Tatian’s gnosticism is Clement. In evaluating the heresiologists’ picture of Tatian, we must remember that they were heavily biased; they wanted to paint him in the worst possible colours. In Epiphanius it becomes particularly difficult to differentiate between historical fact and heresiological fiction.

E. 159 However, both of these references seem far too vague to offer a comparison with Tatian. Moving on to consider Tatian’s use of Ephesians, once again we find only vague references, which suggests the use of parallel concepts rather than direct dependence. 161 Although conflict imagery was popular in the early church, in terms of both persecution and the ascetic’s battle to overcome the body, what is significant in Tatian’s use of this imagery is that he speaks of the breastplate of ‘heavenly spirit’.

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