Charles S. Peirce and the Linguistic Sign by David A. Pharies

By David A. Pharies

This monograph is set the semiotics of lexical indicators, and is of specific curiosity for old linguists, particularly these drawn to etymology. experts in linguistic swap have lengthy spotted that sure periods of phrases appear to be partially exempt from commonplace styles of sound switch, or maybe likely to suffer strange analogical shifts. the matter is way worse for the etymologist, because the lexicon of each language includes a few 1000's of semiotically troublesome vocables which needs to, if the etymological dictionaries are ever to be accomplished, be defined in some way. consistently been struck through the sheer capriciousness of etymologies during which a few type of strange form-meaning kinfolk are concerned, the writer, with assistance from C.S. Peirce, presents solutions to an important questions in his seek to make experience of these capricious etymologies.

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A t th e sam e time , however, he wa s keenly awar e tha t i n the real world the conditions of these ideal types might not always, o r eve n ever , b e met . g . 302) . e . 286). I will adduce differen t examples, perhaps easie r t o gras p tha n Peirce' s a t thi s preliminary stage . Tracks in th e san d ar e certainl y iconicall y representativ e o f th e fee t tha t mad e them , sharing propertie s o f shape , length , width , an d orientation ; bu t the y ar e als o indexical, i n tha t the y indicate , amon g othe r things, that someon e or somethin g walked by , an d th e dimension s o f it s feet .

101) . From his statement tha t even these are 'en quelque mesure arbitrates]', we ar e justifie d i n inferrin g tha t h e considere d the m t o b e 'somewha t non arbitrary' as well. Unfortunately, i n their subsequent haste to embrace Saussure' s refreshingly scientifi c attitud e toward sound-meaning relations, his own students lost thi s modicum o f flexibility, an d began denying that nonlinguisti c reality has any effec t whateve r o n lexica l form . Vendryes , for examples, said of the French onomatopoeias tictac ticktock ' an d patatras 'crash', ' .

I n a way that doe s no t consis t i n an y complexu s o f dyadi c relations. 274) Th e onl y sign typ e tha t meet s thi s requiremen t i s the symbol , which 'owe s it s significan t virtue t o a character whic h ca n only be realized by the aid of its Interpretant... 92), this character being a ground of convention o r law. One o f th e majo r 2 claim s mad e b y Douglas s Greenle e i n his book Peirce's Concept of Sign (1973) , a claim questionin g th e ver y legitimac y o f th e secon d trichotomy, i s based o n hi s failure t o appreciate th e implications of the genuinedegenerate opposition .

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