Plurals and Events (Current Studies in Linguistics) by Barry Schein

By Barry Schein

How will we make experience of sentences with plural noun words in them? In Plurals and occasions, Barry Schein proposes combining a second-order therapy of plurals with Donald Davidson's recommendation that there are positions for connection with occasions in usual predicates that allows you to account for numerous of the extra perplexing good points of plurals with out invoking "plural objects," with its attendant metaphysics, and likewise offer an absolute truth-theoretic characterization of the semantics of sentences with plurals in them. Schein's hugely unique argument must have major influence on how natural-language semantics is finished, with repercussions for philosophy and logic.The booklet opens with foundational arguments that the logical language must have 4 significant positive factors: relief to singular predication through a Davidsonian logical shape, amereology of occasions, a logical syntax that enables the elements of a Davidsonian research to be predicated of specific occasions and separated from each other by way of different logical components, and descriptive anaphors that cross-refer to the occasions defined via antecedent clauses. A semantics for plurality and quantification is built within the final chapters, which deal with the various empirical and formal questions raised via the range of interpretations during which plurals and quantifiers participate.Barry Schein is Assistant Professor of Linguistics on the college of Southern California.

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Epistemic Indefinites: Exploring Modality Beyond the Verbal by Luis Alonso-Ovalle, Paula Menéndez-Benito

By Luis Alonso-Ovalle, Paula Menéndez-Benito

This e-book brings jointly novel paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of definite indefinite expressions that still express modality. those epistemic indefinites are determiners or pronouns that sign lack of information at the a part of the speaker, equivalent to German irgendein and Spanish algun: the sentence Maria se caso con algun medico ('Maria married a few physician or other') either makes an existential assertion that there's a health care provider that Maria married and signs the speaker's lack of ability or unwillingness to spot the healthcare professional in query.

Although epistemic indefinites have featured in contemporary semantic literature, an entire figuring out of the phenomenon remains to be missing: there's presently no contract at the resource in their epistemic part; there's inadequate cross-linguistic info to strengthen a semantic typology of this stuff; and the parallelisms and alterations among epistemic indefinites and different expressions that express epistemic modality haven't been explored extensive. during this quantity, a crew of specialists within the box supply novel empirical observations and critical theoretical insights on epistemic indefinites and comparable issues equivalent to modal unfastened relations, converted numerals, and epistemic modals. they supply a coherent assessment of the problems that form the topic in addition to putting them within the context of present semantic learn, relocating in the direction of the advance of a semantic typology of epistemic indefinites that explores where of those expressions inside of a common typology of modal items.

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Colouring meaning : collocation and connotation in by Gill Philip

By Gill Philip

Essentially enthusiastic about idioms and different figurative phrasing, Colouring that means describes how the meanings of confirmed words are more advantageous, refocused and changed in daily language use. in contrast to many experiences of creativity in language, this book-length survey addresses the problem at numerous degrees, from the merely linguistic point of collocation, via its abstractions in colligation and semantic preference, Read more...

content material: Colouring which means; Editorial web page; identify web page; LCC information; commitment web page; desk of contents; checklist of tables and figures; Acknowledgements; 1. A look for meanings; 2. Idioms and idiomaticity; three. Co(n)text and which means; four. phrases in traditional collocations; five. words in context; 6. version, metaphor and semantic organization; 7. Punning, be aware play and different linguistic lighting tricks; eight. phrases and meanings; References; Appendix; writer index; Examples index; topic index; The sequence reports in Corpus Linguistics.
summary:

all in favour of idioms and different figurative phrasing, this e-book describes how the meanings of verified words are more desirable, refocused and converted in daily language use. It addresses the matter Read more...

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Evidentiality in Interaction by Janis Nuckolls, Lev Michael

By Janis Nuckolls, Lev Michael

In contemporary a long time, linguists have considerably complicated our figuring out of the grammatical homes of evidentials, yet their social and interactional homes and makes use of have bought much less awareness. This quantity, initially released as a different factor of Pragmatics and Society (issue 3:2, 2012), attracts jointly complementary views at the social and interactional lifetime of evidentiality, drawing on info from diversified languages, together with Albanian, English, Garrwa (Pama-Nyungan, Australia), Huamalíes Quechua (Quechuan, Peru), Nanti (Arawak, Peru), and Pastaza Quichua (Quechuan, Ecuador). The language-specific reports during this quantity are all according to the shut research of discourse or communicative interplay, and look at either evidential structures of various levels of grammaticalization and 'evidential techniques' found in languages with out grammaticalized evidentials. The analyses offered draw on conversational research, ethnography of verbal exchange, ethnopoetics, pragmatics, and theories of deixis and indexicality, and may be of curiosity to scholars of evidentiality in quite a few analytical traditions.

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Comparative Semitic Linguistics: A Manual by Patrick R. Bennett

By Patrick R. Bennett

Because the name exhibits, this detailed source is a guide on comparative linguistics, with the examples taken completely from Semitic languages. it really is an leading edge quantity that remembers the sooner culture of textbooks of comparative philology, which, even though, completely handled Indo-European languages. it's suited to scholars with no less than a 12 months of a Semitic language.

by way of some distance the most important part of the ebook are the 9 wordlists that offer the information to be manipulated by way of the coed. Says reviewer Peter Daniels, the wordlists "constitute a different source for all of comparative linguistics--a massive volume of uniform information from a number of comparable languages. they might be precious for any classification in comparative linguistics, not only for these particularly in Semitic."

Scattered during the textual content are 25 routines in response to the wordlists that supply a very good creation to the tools of comparativists. additionally incorporated are paradigms of the phonological platforms of ten Semitic languages in addition to Coptic and a sort of Berber. A bibliography that courses the scholar into additional analyzing in Semitic linguistics completes the quantity.

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Foundations of Logico-Linguistics: A Unified Theory of by William S. Cooper (auth.)

By William S. Cooper (auth.)

In 1962 a mimeographed sheet of paper fell into my ownership. It were ready by means of Ernest Adams of the Philosophy division at Berkeley as a handout for a colloquim. Headed 'SOME FALLACIES OF FORMAL good judgment' it easily indexed 11 little items of reasoning, all in usual English, and all absurd. I nonetheless have the sheet, and quote a number of the arguments right here to provide the belief. • in the event you throw swap S and turn T, the motor will commence. There­ fore, both should you throw swap S the motor will begin, or, in case you throw change T the motor will begin . • it's not the case that if John passes historical past he'll graduate. accordingly, John will cross background. The disconcerting factor approximately those inferences is, in fact, that below the general truth-functional interpretation of and, or, now not, and if-then, they're alleged to be legitimate. What, if whatever, is inaccurate? in the beginning i used to be now not disturbed by way of the examples. Having at the moment reflect on­ capable own dedication to rationality normally and formal good judgment in par­ ticular, I felt it my responsibility and located myself simply capable (or so i assumed) to give an explanation for away such a lot of them. yet looking back I needed to admit that my expla­ international locations had an advert hoc personality, various suspiciously from instance to example.

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Sadness Expressions in English and Chinese: Corpus by Ruihua Zhang

By Ruihua Zhang

This ebook reviews at the contrastive-semantic research of unhappiness expressions among English and chinese language, in line with monolingual common corpora and a parallel corpus. The exploration adopts a different theoretical procedure which integrates corpus-linguistic theories on that means (as a social build, utilization and paraphrase) with a corpus-linguistic lexical version. It employs a brand new advanced yet attainable method which mixes computational instruments with guide exam to tease that means out of corpus proof, to check and distinction lexical goods that don't fit up smartly among languages. It appears at disappointment expressions either inside and throughout languages by way of 3 corpus-linguistic structural different types, i.e. colligation, collocation and semantic association/preference, and paraphrase (both specific and implicit) to seize their refined nuances of which means, divulge the culture-specific conceptualisations encoded in them, and spotlight their respective cultural area of expertise of emotion.

By offering multidisciplinary unique paintings, Sadness Expressions in English and Chinese should be of curiosity to researchers in corpus linguistics, contrastive lexical semantics, psychology, bilingual lexicography and language pedagogy.

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The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, by Andrea Tyler

By Andrea Tyler

Utilizing a cognitive linguistics viewpoint, this paintings offers the main complete, theoretical research of the semantics of English prepositions on hand. All English prepositions are initially coded as spatial family among actual entities. whereas holding their unique which means, prepositions have additionally built a wealthy set of non-spatial meanings. Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans argue that each one the meanings are systematically similar via a suite of cognitive rules, emphasizing the significance of human adventure with the realm because the beginning for lexical that means.

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