By Hung N. Winn, Kevin Dellsperger
One of many newly rising issues in medical perform is the concept that of 'gender particular' medication - the conclusion that the pathogenesis, etiology and development of affliction frequently differs among the sexes. In a few situations, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are identified, in others, they continue to be the point of interest of hypothesis. in lots of circumstances, the impression of disorder and the choices for administration have better value within the girl whilst those components are with regards to reproductive future health and the future health of the ladies who're, or wish to be, bearing teenagers. heart problems is of singular value during this context, and this authoritative new textual content presents a accomplished synthesis of our present wisdom within the region. proposing innovations for healing ideas that handle the distinctive issues that observe in ladies sufferers, comparable to fertility and hormone alternative remedy, heart problems in girls additionally presents an replace on learn findings that would effect scientific perform
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Additional info for Cardiovascular Disease in Women
G. 1 Risk factors for cardiovascular disease in women Modifiable 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Dyslipidemia Diabetes Hypertension Cigarette smoking Obesity Sedentary lifestyle Poor nutrition Non-modifiable Older age Positive family history of heart disease Recently identified 1. Abnormal circulating levels of lipoprotein (a) 2. Homocysteine 3. C-reactive protein 4. Serum amyloid A 5. Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 6. Interleukin-6 ch03 11/5/06 1:10 pm Page 27 ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE 27 Hispanic persons in Puerto Rico.
Luoto R, Kaprio J, Reunanen A, Rutanenen EM. Cardiovascular morbidity in relation to ovarian function after hysterectomy. Obstet Gynecol 1995; 85:515. 7. Reckelhoff J, Fortepiani L. Novel mechanisms responsible for postmenopausal hypertension. Hypertension 2004; 43:918. 8. Sowers JR. Diabetes in the elderly and in women: cardiovascular risks. Cardiol Clin 2004; 22(4):541. 9. Forman JP, Rimm EB, Stampfer MJ, Curhan GC. Folate intake and the risk of incident hypertension among US women. JAMA 2005; 293(3):320.
The National Health and Nutrition Surveys (NHANES) reported an increasing prevalence of IHD in women with age, from 5% at ages 40–49 years, to 8% at 50–59 years, 11% at 60–69 years, and 14% at 70–79 years. 2 Incidence Females 288 768 300 Demographics 268 503 200 69 257 100 0 menopause. Women also differ in underlying pathophysiology, presentation, and risk–benefit profiles with current therapeutic modalities. 1 Leading causes of death in men and women in the United States (2002). CVD, cardiovascular disease.