Bulletin on Narcotics: Review of the World Cannabis by United Nations

By United Nations

The Bulletin is a continual book considering the fact that 1949, and gives info on advancements in drug keep an eye on on the neighborhood, nationwide, local, and overseas degrees that may be of profit to the foreign group. This factor is ready international hashish state of affairs, and appears on the technical facets of hashish construction, hashish intake, and at what's recognized approximately hashish markets in areas worldwide, highlighting the universality of the matter, in addition to on the effect of hashish.

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It also appears that cannabis use is increasing. According to expert opinions solicited from Member States, far more countries felt that cannabis use was *For a discussion of the reliability of the survey data, see National Research Council [83]. 46 Bulletin on Narcotics, vol. LVIII, 2006 increasing (46 per cent of 101 countries responding) than declining (16 per cent) in 2003. In the last decade, the consensus is that cannabis use has been growing faster than use of cocaine or opiates. Table 6.

Vaporizers, modern machines that heat, but do not burn, the cannabis, releasing the THC into a plastic bag for inhalation. Makeshift devices, such as hollowed out apples, beer-can bongs, etc. More exotic techniques, such as the "chillurn" (a large, horn-like, clay pipe used in India and Jamaica), and others. Cannabis (typically the resin) can also be eaten. THC is fat-soluble and so cannabis can be included in a range of food products and is typically consumed in baked goods. The subjective effectsof eating cannabis are different from the experience of smoking, due to different metabolic processes involved in absorbing the drug.

The UNODC annual reports questionnaire* asks Member States to estimate the number of hectares under cannabis cultivation in their respective countries, but most respondents do not fill out this section. In fairness, most States would have little knowledge of how to make such an estimate. Given that most consumption is domestic and many societies do not regard cannabis as particularly problematic, most would have little incentive to invest much time in making such a calculation. Table 4. Cannabis production estimates for major countries of production, 2003 Country Area under cultivation (hectares) Morocco Afghanistan Mexico Paraguay Colombia United States Total 134 000 52 000 29 500 5 500 5 000 (4 500) 231 000 Area eradicated (hectares) Estimated production i n herbal equivalenP (tons) Total seizures i n herbal equivalent" (tons)b Notes: Figures in parenthesis are estimates based o n data from other sources.

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