By Robert D. Crangle
Through the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics period, the Republics and their aligned countries have been assigned tasks for components of financial focus on behalf of the total Soviet bloc. those tasks integrated the pursuit of specific parts of basic medical examine and know-how. considering 1990, the newly autonomous states were rebuilding learn and improvement actions as a part of their fiscal recoveries. during this booklet it truly is explored how the Bulgarian examine, improvement and coverage groups may possibly extra heavily combine their technological know-how coverage and study overview practices with these of different ecu and NATO nations. Questions that come up are; How do quite a few international locations overview examine and improvement tasks? How do they evaluation the effectiveness of the associations which sponsor or behavior such initiatives? How do they set priorities for his or her technological know-how and expertise efforts and associations? What tools are international locations making plans to take advantage of to steer their destiny medical progress? A Bulgarian consensus is rising approximately how basic study tasks are to be chosen for fundings. the same consensus can be rising approximately how courses and associations might be evaluated for his or her effectiveness in making a choice on examine tasks. the choice of papers awarded will be noticeable as a huge milestone during this journey.IOS Press is a world technological know-how, technical and clinical writer of high quality books for teachers, scientists, and execs in all fields. a number of the parts we put up in: -Biomedicine -Oncology -Artificial intelligence -Databases and knowledge platforms -Maritime engineering -Nanotechnology -Geoengineering -All points of physics -E-governance -E-commerce -The wisdom economic system -Urban reviews -Arms regulate -Understanding and responding to terrorism -Medical informatics -Computer Sciences
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Additional info for Bulgarian Integration into Europe and NATO: Issues of Science Policy and Research
The predominant characteristics of the Programme have continued to be an emphasis on cooperation and catalyst for high scientific quality, and a capacity for rapid response to new developments. In a new departure late in 2003, the Science Programme underwent further transformation in line with the Alliance initiatives for countering new threats, and the Programme now concentrates its support on the collaboration on security-related topics of Defense against Terrorism or Countering Other Threats to Security and/or Partner-countries 1 Presentation to the ARW “Bulgarian Integration into European and NATO Policies – the best practices” held in Pamporovo, Bulgaria, 16-19 May 2005 is based on information from NATO web-sites and CNSDR web site.
Budgets The budget for every NRFO comes through a political process, determined annually or at least periodically by people who are not now and for the most part never have been working scientists. They will measure the importance of the funding organization’s programs against the importance of other suggested priorities for those funds. Because they are not scientists, the decision-makers in the political process must have faith in the integrity of how the NRFO decides which persons, ideas and tools to fund.
D. Crangle / Allocating Limited National Resources for Fundamental Research 21 VII. Specific Investment Criteria There are two primary investment criteria when the state’s money is used to pay for fundamental research. Over time the use of these two criteria creates a meritocracy of ideas, results, awards and reputation. The two criteria are intellectual merit and the potential to expand the national research capacity. Intellectual merit might be referred to as brilliance, insight, elegance, originality, simplicity and an apparent deep understanding of the science and the work plan by a proposed researcher.