By Judith Wellman
In 1966 a gaggle of scholars, Boy Scouts, and native voters rediscovered all that remained of a then nearly unknown group known as Weeksville: 4 body homes on Hunterfly highway. The infrastructures and colourful histories of Weeksville, an African American group that had turn into one of many biggest loose black groups in 19th century usa, have been almost burnt up because of Brooklyn’s exploding inhabitants and increasing city grid.
Weeksville was once based by means of African American marketers after slavery led to ny country in 1827. situated in jap Brooklyn, Weeksville supplied an area of actual protection, monetary prosperity, schooling, or even political energy. It had a excessive expense of estate possession, provided a large choice of occupations, and hosted a comparatively huge share of expert staff, enterprise vendors, and pros. population prepared church buildings, a college, orphan asylum, domestic for the elderly, newspapers, and the nationwide African Civilization Society. awesome citizens of Weeksville, corresponding to journalist and educator Junius P. Morell, participated in each significant nationwide attempt for African American rights, together with the Civil struggle.
In Brooklyn’s Promised Land, Judith Wellman not just tells the real narrative of Weeksville’s progress, disappearance, and eventual rediscovery, but additionally highlights the tales of the folks who created this group. Drawing on maps, newspapers, census files, photos, and the fabric tradition of structures and artifacts, Wellman reconstructs the social heritage and nationwide value of this amazing position. in the course of the lens of this local people, Brooklyn’s Promised Land highlights subject matters nonetheless suitable to African american citizens around the country.
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Extra info for Brooklyn's Promised Land: The Free Black Community of Weeksville, New York
Emigration to Canada and Liberia In the face of continued stress for African Americans in the United States, one other option presented itself: emigration to another country. In 1815, Paul Cuffe, African American, Quaker, merchant, and shipowner, led a group of African Americans to Sierra Leone, the British colony on the west coast of Africa. Cuffe died in 1817, however, and the movement died with him. European Americans revived the idea of emigration when they formed the American Colonization Society in 1817.
Russwurm in New York City successfully published Freedom’s Journal and Rights of All. Great Britain abolished slavery in 1834. In 1837, Samuel Cornish established the Colored American. Beginning in 1831, African Americans organized national Negro conventions to advocate for African American rights. Junius C. Morel, who became the principal of Colored School No. 2 in Weeksville in 1847, was a major participant in these conventions. James W. C. Pennington, who escaped from slavery in Maryland to become a teacher and minister, represented Brooklyn at the first two conventions.
In 1834, the New York Conference ordained him as an elder. His wife Sarah refused to leave Charleston, but Graham married at least twice more. On May 15, 1838, he married Judah Jackson from New York City, listing his own address as South Carolina. She died in childbirth in August 1839 at only twenty-five years old, and Graham acquired a large amount of property from Judah and her brother. 9 By 1839–40, Graham had moved to 153 Orange Street, where the census listed him as head of a household of three free people of color, including one male aged twenty-four to thirty-five, one male aged thirty-six to fifty-four (perhaps Graham himself), and one female aged fifty-five to ninety-nine (perhaps Graham’s sister Phebe LeGrant).