By W. Seth Carus, Center for Counterproliferation Research, National Defense University
The operating paper is split into major components. the 1st half is a descriptive research of the illicit use of organic brokers through criminals and terrorists. It attracts on a chain of case experiences documented within the moment half. The case experiences describe each example identifiable in open resource fabrics during which a wrongdoer used, bought, or threatened to take advantage of a organic agent. whereas the stock of circumstances is obviously incomplete, it presents an empirical foundation for addressing a couple of very important questions in terms of either biocrimes and bioterrorism. This fabric may still permit policymakers all for bioterrorism to make extra knowledgeable judgements. during this venture, the writer has researched over 270 alleged circumstances related to organic brokers. This comprises all incidents present in open resources that allegedly happened in the course of the twentieth Century. whereas the record is unquestionably no longer entire, it offers the main finished current unclassified assurance of situations of illicit use of organic brokers.
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Additional info for Bioterrorism and Biocrimes - The illicit use of biological agents since 1900
There are a surprising number of instances in which HIV-infected people have tried to deliberately infect others. According to one account, by 1991 there had been more than 200 prosecutions of AIDS-related criminal cases, mostly for attempted murder. See Jennifer Grishkin, "Knowingly Exposing Another to HIV,” Yale Law Review, 106(March 1997), p. 1617, citing sources dated to 1990 and 1991. On January 15, 1998, George Howard Stewart was arrested by the Denver Police Department for violating an order to stay away from his wife’s house.
213. 73 74 Office of the Secretary of Defense, Proliferation: Threat and Response, p. 49. Current and Projected National Security Threats to the United States, p. 7. Some additional elaboration is provided in the reply for the record on p. 93. 30 argument, as articulated by terrorism expert Bryan Jenkins, that terrorists are usually not interested in mass murder. Simply killing a lot of people has seldom been a terrorist objective. Terrorists want a lot of people watching, not a lot of people dead.
90 For this reason, the Acer case is excluded from the analysis, although it is possible that Acer deliberately infected his patients. Alternative case definition: The definition of a biological agent used in this study excludes insects, unless they are a vector for a pathogen. For this reason, cases involving the deliberate spread of insects do not meet the case definition used for this study. This leads to the exclusion of incidents such as the one reviewed on page 173 involving “The Breeders”, a California group that allegedly was deliberately releasing Medflies.