Beyond grammar: an experience-based theory of language by Rens Bod

By Rens Bod

Over the last few years, a brand new method of linguistic research has began to emerge. This process, which has emerge as recognized below a variety of labels akin to 'data-oriented parsing', 'corpus-based interpretation' and 'treebank grammar', assumes that human language comprehension and construction works with representations of concrete prior language stories instead of with summary grammatical ideas. It operates via decomposing the given representations into fragments and recomposing these items to research (infinitely many) new utterances. This booklet exhibits how this basic technique can observe to numerous different types of linguistic representations. Experiments with this process recommend that the efficient devices of traditional language can't be outlined by way of a minimum algorithm or rules, yet must be outlined through a wide, redundant set of formerly skilled constructions. Bod argues that this consequence has very important results for linguistic concept, resulting in a wholly new view of the character of linguistic competence.

Show description

Read or Download Beyond grammar: an experience-based theory of language PDF

Best semantics books

Lexical-Functional Grammar (Syntax and Semantics, Volume 34)

Quantity 34 of "Syntax and Semantics" is an intensive and obtainable evaluation and advent to Lexical sensible Grammar (LFG), a thought of the content material and illustration of alternative points of linguistic constitution and the family members that carry among them. The publication motivates and describes the 2 syntactic constructions of LFG: floor phrasal association is represented via a context-free word constitution tree, and extra summary sensible syntactic family like topic and item are represented individually, at sensible constitution.

Context and the Attitudes: Meaning in Context, Volume 1

Context and the Attitudes collects 13 seminal essays via Mark Richard on semantics and propositional attitudes. those essays enhance a nuanced account of the semantics and pragmatics of our speak about such attitudes, an account on which in announcing what an individual thinks, we provide our phrases as a 'translation' or illustration of ways the objective of our speak represents the realm.

Epistemic Indefinites: Exploring Modality Beyond the Verbal Domain

This e-book brings jointly novel paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of sure indefinite expressions that still express modality. those epistemic indefinites are determiners or pronouns that sign lack of knowledge at the a part of the speaker, corresponding to German irgendein and Spanish algun: the sentence Maria se caso con algun medico ('Maria married a few health practitioner or other') either makes an existential assertion that there's a health care provider that Maria married and signs the speaker's lack of ability or unwillingness to spot the surgeon in query.

Additional resources for Beyond grammar: an experience-based theory of language

Sample text

The tree £3 is exhaustively generated by production (2); thus the probability of this production should be equal to 1/3: P(S-*a) = 1/3. The tree t\ is exhaustively generated by applying productions (1) and (2); thus the product of the probabilities of these productions should be equal to 4/9: P(S-*Sb) • P(S->a) = 4/9. By substitution we get: P(S-*Sb) • 1/3 = 4/9, which implies that P(S^>Sb) = 4/3. This means that the probability of the production S-*Sb should be larger than 1, which is not allowed.

A possible analysis tree for John likes Mary 2 Fragments The fragments of the corpus trees that DOP1 uses as units are subtrees. 1. Then the following trees are valid fragments of T. 2. 3. 1 Subtree (a) conflicts with condition (1) which states that a fragment must consist of more than one node. The disconnected subtree (b) conflicts with condition (2). Finally, subtree (c) conflicts with condition (3) which demands that each node in a fragment must have the same daughter nodes as the corresponding node in the tree it is derived from (except for the frontier nodes); this condition has the effect of preserving the integrity of subcategorization dependencies that are typically encoded as sister relations in phrase-structure trees.

Formal Stochastic Language Theory In this chapter, we develop a theory in which the properties of stochastic grammars can be formally articulated and compared. We describe DOP1 as a projection of a corpus into a Stochastic Tree-Substitution Grammar (STSG), and we formally compare STSG with other stochastic grammars. 1 A formal language theory of stochastic grammars The notion of a stochastic grammar usually refers to a finite specification of infinitely many strings with their analyses and probabilities.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.70 of 5 – based on 15 votes