Assisting Emigration to Upper Canada: The Petworth Project, by Wendy Cameron

By Wendy Cameron

Using a wealthy selection of modern assets, this learn specializes in one staff of English immigrants despatched to top Canada from Sussex and different southern counties simply by parishes and landlords. partly One, Wendy Cameron follows the paintings of the Petworth Emigration Committee over six years and hint how the immigrants have been got in each one of those years. partly , Mary McDougall Maude provides a whole checklist of emigrants on Petworth ships from 1832 to 1837, together with info in their heritage, relatives reconstructions, and extra info drawn from Canadian assets. Paternalism robust adequate to gradual the wheels of swap is embodied right here in Thomas Sockett, the organizer of the Petworth emigrations, and his customer, the Earl of Egremont, and in Lieutenant Governor Sir John Colborne in top Canada. The friction created as those males sought to maintain older values within the dating among wealthy and negative highlights the shift in British emigration coverage. In those years of transition immigrants despatched via the Petworth Emigration Committee may well settle for tips and the govt course that went with it, or they can depend on their very own assets and locate paintings for themselves. as soon as the transition used to be whole, the market-driven version took over and immigrants needed to make their very own most sensible cut price for his or her labour.

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Man and wife Is. 6d. Single man over 18 years of age Is. Youths aged 15 to 18 8d. SOURCE: WSRO, PHA 8558, Petworth parish vestry, 17 November 1830. a The wage scale stops at two children because in Petworth a child allowance was paid to families with three or more young children. 27 What was "right" constrained the earl as well as the farmers. In practice, Egremont continued — after 1830 as before — to treat his labourers rather better than the community norm, but he always respected the expectations of local farmers that he would not pay wages and benefits too far out of line with theirs.

Wyndham had grown up with the stigma of his illegitimate birth, uncertain that even Petworth would be his. The entailed title went to Egremont's nephew, who also inherited Egremont's lands in Somerset and the west of England. 31 Although still very wealthy, Wyndham downsized the staff at Petworth and did nothing on the same expansive scale as Egremont. Upper Canada (now Ontario), the destination of the Petworth emigrants and the province favoured by British emigrants to the Canadas in this period, was one of a number of settlement colonies administered through the Colonial Office.

THE BEST IF NOT THE ONLY REMEDY": FROM "SWING" TO PARISH-ASSISTED EMIGRATION Emigration ... begins to go very prosperously in the neighbourhood, and I am convinced that it is the best if not the only remedy for the evils of a superabundant population in a district like this. C. but the impossibility of parishes raising the necessary funds, & ... they cannot ... unless some legislative enactment be provided. Thomas Sockett was not involved in lobbying for assisted emigration in 1831, and his role in 1834 was a minor one.

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