Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The by Rijk

By Rijk

This learn intends to teach that the ascription of many shortcomings or obscurities to Aristotle is because of the continual misinterpretation of key notions in his works, together with anachronistic perceptions of assertion making. within the first quantity, released individually (ISBN: 90-04-12324-5), Aristotle's semantics is culled from the Organon. This moment quantity offers Aristotle's ontology of the sublunar global, and will pay specified recognition to his technique of argument in gentle of his semantic perspectives. This booklet is geared toward all these drawn to historical and Medieval Philosophy, the background of common sense and semantics, and the advance of metaphysics, in addition to classical philologists and theologians.

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Additional resources for Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The Metaphysics. Semantics in Aristotle's Strategy of Argument (Philosophia Antiqua)

Example text

H e readily leaves the question of τό ότι ('quia est') to the specialists, just as the latter leave whatever concerns the τί έστι ( ' q u i d est') of their p r o p e r subjects, including their attributes, u p to the p h i l o s o p h e r , a n d c o n f i n e themselves to the assumption of the quiddity of these p r o p e r t i e s a n d p r o c e e d to examine their application from there, each in their own discipline. e. that which the o t h e r things d e p e n d u p o n a n d in virtue of which they get their designations ('appellations').

For example, 'man'sbeing-a-boy', 'man's-being-adult', 'man's-being-aged', when all said of, say, Socrates, are referentially the same as 'Socrates's-being', but not convertible with him, and quite logically so, because, were they all really convertible with the substrate, they would also be mutually convertible and all have the same meaning, which is absurd. This interpretation of Aristotle's words finds some support in what is f o u n d c o n c e r n i n g the notions 'same' a n d ' o n e ' in the Lexicon, Book Δ.

Platonic Form. To do so wotdd be a serious offence against the postulate of the primacy of individual being. This problem, which is once more touched u p o n in the next aporia, will be thoroughly discussed in Book Z. 48 T h e eighth problem is closely related to the previous ones, asking how individuals, which are infinite in number, can be epistemonically known, considering once again that there is nothing real apart from individual being. Without the existence of c o m m o n characteristics over and above individual being any such knowledge will be out of the question (995b31-36; 999a24-b24).

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