Antisemitism A Historical Encyclopedia of Prejudice and by Richard Levy

By Richard Levy

Written by means of best students in an available demeanour, this targeted encyclopedia bargains all over the world assurance of the origins, types, practitioners, and results of antisemitism, resulting in the Holocaust and surviving to the current day. Antisemitism has expert the idea and perform of politics and has permeated cultures around the globe. the road among anti-Jewish sentiment and other forms of clash is tough to outline, however it is apparent that the harmful nature of antisemitism has harmed the human group for 2 millennia.
Entries during this encyclopedia span the interval from historical Egypt to the fashionable period. Key theoreticians of Jew-hatred and their written works, its permeation of Christianity and sleek Islam, and its political, inventive, and monetary manifestations are lined. this is often the 1st complete paintings that offers with the whole heritage of principles and practices that engendered the Holocaust.

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Scott Fitzgerald’s portrait of Meyer Wolfsheim in The Great Gatsby pointedly connected Jewishness and crookedness. Yet neither author often revisited this theme in his body of work, let alone attempted to mobilize anti-Jewish feeling for any detectable personal or political purpose. No doubt, they were prejudiced and influential individuals whose attitudes toward Jews need to be registered in a reference book on antisemitism. But many others involved themselves much more enthusiastically and systematically—and with greater effect—in “combating Jewish evil” than these individuals.

In the present work, this problem is addressed by means of a general essay on the representation of Jews in twentieth-century English-language literature rather than by separate entries on Hemingway and Fitzgerald. Of course, individual contributors to this encyclopedia work from differing ideas of what constitutes antisemitism. With few exceptions, however, the terms antisemite and antisemitic have been used sparingly and conservatively. Several figures commonly labeled antisemites, among them “the Jew Mark Twain,” have that identification challenged by essays in these volumes.

In 1894, the Meyers KonversationsLexikon had no special heading for antisemitism, but it did include a half page on the antisemites and their writings. The Jewish Encyclopedia (1901–1905), in twelve volumes, devoted 8 of its 8,600 double-columned pages to the topic. Lucien Wolf, historian and activist in Anglo-Jewish affairs, contributed a 12-page account to the eleventh edition of Encyclopedia Britannica (1910–1911). During the Weimar years, the Jüdisches Lexikon (1927–1930) found 20 doublecolumned pages sufficient to cover the topic (although the Grosse Brockhaus of the same era needed less than one page).

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