By Nancy M. Tischler
The Bible is the imperative textual content of Western civilization, and an figuring out of it can be crucial to the examine of global heritage and tradition. additionally, increasingly more highschool and faculty scholars are learning the Bible as literature. enormous in scope and written particularly for top college scholars and normal readers, this encyclopedia surveys the fabric tradition, customs, and ideology of the biblical global. incorporated are greater than 2 hundred alphabetically prepared entries at the instruments, animals, meals, behavior, legislation, professions, and peoples of the Bible. every one access presents definitions; scriptural references; etymological, old, and archaeolgical info; and, while attainable, a dialogue of the relevance of the subject to trendy readers. Entries comprise cross-references and cite works for additional analyzing, and the encyclopedia is generously illustrated.
The Bible is the principal textual content of Western civilization, and an realizing of it can be crucial to the research of global historical past and tradition. moreover, progressively more highschool scholars and undergraduates are learning the Bible as literature. huge in scope and written specially for prime tuition scholars and normal readers, this encyclopedia surveys the cloth tradition, customs, and ideology of the biblical international via greater than two hundred alphabetically prepared entries at the instruments, animals, meals, behavior, legislation, professions, and peoples of the Bible.
Each access presents definitions; scriptural references; etymological, ancient, and archaeological details; and, whilst attainable, a dialogue of the relevance of the subject to fashionable readers. The encyclopedia covers the peoples who have been part of biblical existence: the Essenes and Pharisees, the scribes and monks, the associates and enemies, and the good powers that enslaved them. additionally, it explains the various significant occasions in Israel's background, the authorized thought of cosmology and climate, and the typical knowing of many info from the construction to Armageddon.
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Additional info for All things in the bible an encyclopedia of the biblical world
And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou has polluted it. Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered theron” (Exod. 20:24–26). Physically, an altar was a ﬂat or concave space on which the animals might be placed for the slaughter. Altars often had troughs to carry off the blood. The priest burned the sacriﬁcial offering of grain or ﬂesh, or poured the libations of wine and blood Altar with “horns” made of stone.
It is usually situated in a high place, above the congregation. At the dedication of churches, relics of the saints are placed inside the altar to mark the continuity between the sacriﬁce of Christ and of his faithful. It is the designated place for the mass, the reenactment of Christ’s sacriﬁce of his blood and ﬂesh for the sins of humankind. On the other hand, most Protestants, believing that the communion is a symbolic rather than literal act, do not have altars in their churches. The communion table replaces the altar for those who see the celebration of the Last Supper as a means to remember Christ’s sacriﬁce, but not the occasion for a miracle transforming the bread into ﬂesh and the wine into blood.
On the other hand, they have monetary value and can be bought and sold, stolen, lost, hurt, or coveted. Exodus 20–21 and Deuteronomy 22 note a number of issues concerning the treatment of animals. In addition, animals are included among those of God’s creatures that need Sabbath rest. A man who violated an animal sexually was to be put to death (Exod. 35:19). The Hebrews also believed that it was unlawful to cross-breed animals, thereby forbidding the breeding of mules (a blend of donkey and horse).