Albert Schweitzer's Ethical Vision: A Sourcebook by Predrag Cicovacki

By Predrag Cicovacki

The philosophy of Albert Schweitzer has proved commonly influential in glossy considering, specifically within the box of ethics. His prime moral thought should be summarized within the word "reverence for all times" - particularly, that strong is composed in keeping and perfecting existence, and evil is composed in destroying and obstructing lifestyles. For Schweitzer, all lifestyles is sacred. Ethics hence bargains with human attitudes and behaviour towards all dwelling beings.Unlike many ethical philosophers, Schweitzer argues that wisdom of human nature doesn't supply a enough origin for any sufficient ethical concept. this is the reason he bases his ethics on a lot broader foundations, articulated in his philosophy of civilization and the philosophy of faith. Schweitzer argues that the cloth element of our civilization has turn into way more vital than its non secular counterpart. Even geared up faith has positioned itself within the provider of politics and economic system, thereby wasting its power and ethical authority.Schweitzer's ethics of reverence for all times, argues Predrag Cicovacki, bargains a workable replacement at a time whilst conventional moral theories are chanced on insufficient. Schweitzer's powerful and un-dogmatic idealism might supply the simplest antidote to the present relativism and nihilism of the postmodern epoch. His moral imaginative and prescient directs us towards a brand new means of creating a extra simply and extra peaceable global. gathering 16 of Schweitzer's leading essays, this quantity serves as a compelling advent to this striking philosopher and humanist.

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The problem is just this: the relationship between world- and life-affirmation and world- and life-negation as they are found side by side in Indian thought, where worldand life-negation occupies a predominant position. In European thought, too, there have been periods when world- and lifenegation was found alongside world- and life-affirmation. Hellenic thought, in later periods, began to have misgivings about the world- and life-affirmation from which it started. Neo-Platonism and Greco-oriental Gnosticism abandoned it in the first centuries of our era.

All lesser disputes over metaphysics and conceptual materials simply fall into the background. The only thing that matters is this: that the significance of the concept of the Kingdom of God for our worldview is the same as it was for him, and that we experience in the same way that he did the urgency and the power of that concept. The important thing is a will to will understanding of Jesus, for in this the essence of the worldview is communicated. An analysis of the details of his activities and his preaching, the intention of which is to distinguish between enduring and obsolete elements, is unnecessary.

Schweitzer’s ethics of reverence for life also contains within itself the seeds of a promising political philosophy. In this philosophy, moral values would have the principal role. In “Toward Perpetual Peace,” the essay to which Schweitzer alluded in several of his writings, Kant insisted that politics must bend its knee in front of morality. Schweitzer would expand Kant’s principle and say that economy must also bend its knee in front of morality. When this is not the case, humanity is pushed from one war to another, from one form of colonization to another.

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