History of Magic and Experimental Science, The Sixteenth by Lynn Thorndike

By Lynn Thorndike

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173 For more than half a century after the publication of De revo¬ lutionibus Aristotelian works on the heavenly bodies continued to appear as if nothing had happened. These expositions were normally purely theoretical and argumentative. They were not only unruffled by any extended reference to the Copernican theory, but for that matter to the Ptolemaic. 15), pp. 303-8. , pp. 488, 499-500. 1 De sphaera sive de astronomiae et geographiae principiis cosmographica isagoge olim conscripta a Remberto Dodonaeo medico nunc vero eiusdem recognitione locupletior jacta.

Apparently Forster drew no sharp line between the Ptolemaic and Copernican theories. In the prohemium of the geographical work of Giovanni Lorenzo d'Anania, dedicated from Naples on July 22, 1575, to Caterina Iaggelone Sforza d'Aragonia, princess of Poland and queen of Sweden, and printed at Venice in 1576,'r"1 the earth is described as the heaviest element and immobile at the center of the universe. Yet from the geographical standpoint the work of d'Anania had considerable merit, not only devoting one of its four books to the new world, but including laws and customs, trees, herbs and medicines and inventors, as well as provinces, cities, mountains, seas, lakes, rivers and fountains.

Seguono poi i cieli di Marte, Gioue, & Saturno: i quali tutti fa muouere nel tempo ordinario, & sopra i pianeti pone l'ottaua sfera immobile, la quale chiama luogo del mondo doue si girano gli altri cieli. Et questa opinione tenne ancora Aristarco Samio, che fu auanti lo aduenimento di Christo saluator nostro anni i8oo(sic). 162 Houzeau and Lancaster (No. 2723) ascribe to A. Leoninus or van Leeuwen a Theory of the Celestial Motions A ccording to the Doctrine of Copernicus, published in octavo at Cologne in 1578 and again in 1583, but I have not found the work.

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