A Companion to the History of American Science by Georgina M. Montgomery

By Georgina M. Montgomery

A better half to the heritage of yankee Science deals a set of essays that provide an authoritative review of the latest scholarship at the heritage of yank science.

  • Covers issues together with astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, great technology, army know-how, and more
  • Features contributions by way of the main entire students within the box of technological know-how history
  • Covers pivotal occasions in U.S. historical past that formed the advance of technological know-how and technology coverage similar to WWII, the chilly conflict, and the Women’s Rights movement

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This shift is directly reflected in the scholarly work of the time, as various philosophers, such as John Locke (1632–1704), Jeremy Bentham (1784–1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806– 1873) and economists Adam Smith (1723–1790) and Thomas Malthus (1766–1834) AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES 13 wrote extensively on agricultural practices, technology, and the social factors that influence or are influenced by crop production. In fact, foundational work in most if not all of the disciplines that make up the current agricultural sciences can be found during this time period.

While this initiative primarily focused on developing and making available high-yielding crop varieties to farmers in developing countries, it also involved expanding irrigation infrastructure, modernizing farming and management techniques, and making petrochemical inputs available, such as fertilizers and pesticides. If the only factor taken into account is improving access to food and fiber crops, then this initiative can be viewed as a tremendous success, as Green Revolution wheat and rice varieties helped bring about a decade of food surplus in India and other developing countries (Hillison 1996; Thompson and Noll 2014).

Building on the work of the Smithsonian and BAE, universities began to set up their own ethnological collections (Stocking 1988). Their museum anthropology was supported by largesse of gilded-age philanthropists. Harvard’s Peabody Museum, for example, was founded in 1866 through the patronage of banker George Peabody. It became a prominent research center under the direction of Frederick Ward Putnam (1839– 1915), who expanded its collections and began publishing the Papers of the Peabody Museum.

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